IndianOil’s state-of-the-art technology Pipeline Surveillance Systems

15,000 KM plus country-wide IndianOil’s pipeline network serves as underground energy highways of India that are assets of crucial national importance. These pipelines carry highly inflammable petroleum products at high pressure. Any pilferage attempt on these pipelines can cause serious accidents that threaten lives and damage property besides interrupting energy supplies.

IndianOil has deployed a robust round-the-clock monitoring system to track pipeline pilferage or any other such disruptive attempts on its pipeline network. The Corporation closely monitors the pipeline flow, pressure parameters, and trends through an Instrumentation and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system. In addition to this, a Leak Detection System (LDS) ensures 24X7 analysis to identify tentative vulnerable points.

To further enhance the effectiveness of this constant vigil, the movement of line patrolmen and DGR guards are monitored through Global Positioning System (GPS) enabled devices. The existing Right of Way (ROW) of the pipelines is also mapped through Geo-Fencing. Such GPS-tracked physical inspections also help spot and identify abnormalities like loose soil, the smell of leaked petroleum products or suspicious vehicle tyre marks in the vicinity of the pipelines. IndianOil teams, along with local Police, also undertake periodic joint-patrolling of vulnerable locations to track any unauthorised activities.

To further boost the security of its pipelines, IndianOil has undertaken focused digital initiatives like the optical fibre based Pipeline Intrusion Detection and Warning System (PIDWS). This system is presently under implementation at 5474 KM of its pipeline length. The system is already functional for 997 KM of the pipeline network, and the remaining will be commissioned by 2022-23.

The Corporation is also exploring several other innovative security protocols to enhance pipeline security further, like the ‘Negative Pressure Wave Type Leak/Pilferage Detection System’ and monitoring the vast network through Drones. Recently, the Drone monitoring of the 120 KM long Delhi-Panipat Section of IndianOil’s Mathura-Jalandhar Pipeline has commenced operations. The live feed of the Drones is monitored at the Pipeline locations.

Any pilferage attempt on these pipelines is a grave offence under Sections 15 and 16 of The Petroleum and Mineral Pipelines (Acquisition of Right of Way) Act 1961. Such criminal acts are non-bailable offences, and intruders are punishable with rigorous imprisonment for ten years or more.

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